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精品推荐—光绪元宝,老瓷器

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光緒元寶是清代光緒年間特有的一種貨币。有著清朝貨幣特徵,由於當時時局不穩定,因此幾乎在全國的各個省都有專門的貨幣鑄造廠。因此我們會發現那個時代的貨幣上都有鮮明的鑄字,標明是哪個省的造幣廠鑄造的。品相完好,字體清晰,形制規整,質地優良,字體筆法流暢,紋飾刻制工細,此種钱币存世量稀少,有較高的收藏價值,我們可以看出這枚銅幣保存得非常完好,鑄字非常清晰,具有鮮明的特色。
清朝時期的吉林省是國內極為重要的一個大省,基本呈南北走向,最南端基本與目前的省界線重合,最北端則到達庫頁島的北端,包括今天該省的東部、黑龍江省東部、俄羅斯濱海邊疆區和哈巴羅夫斯克邊疆區南部,以及庫页島全部。吉林省源自“吉林乌拉”一詞,在滿語中意為沿江之城。而吉林省造銀幣版別變化最多,是中國銀幣體系最完整,保存傳承最豐富的一類。它首開中國機鑄幣先河,具有中國錢幣鑄造史里程碑式的意義。
當時吉林將軍希元為穩定金融市場,上奏朝廷說:吉林省制錢(指古錢,方孔錢)缺乏,市面日益蕭條,經再三商量,只有仿照製錢式樣鑄造銀錢,以解決現錢短缺的問題。奏准後,於光绪十年先從军饷中提銀5000兩,令吉林機器官局(即兵工廠)鑄造了廠平一兩、七錢、半兩、三錢、一錢5種面值的足色銀元。
藏品介绍
中文名称:吉林庚子年光绪元宝
英文名称:Jilin Gengzi Guangxu yuan
规格:一枚
类别:杂项
品相:美品



吉林雖地處邊陲,但隨著不斷流入垦荒,該地區銀錢缺乏情況日趨嚴重,光緒廿二年(西元1896年),吉林將軍長順經奏准後,於年底委托吉林機器局試製銀圓,至次年底陸續製成5種。曾鑄有干支紀年與無干支紀年兩大類,其中還有細小板式等。吉林省造銀圓時間較早,鑄量整體較少。

这枚錢币,是光緒二十六年(1900年)吉林省銀元局鑄:吉林省造庚子年光緒元寶库平七錢二分銀幣,左右為干支紀年庚子年,當時主要在東三省流通,以後逐步在全國各地廣泛流通。银币正面中央珠圈內漢字“光绪元寶”,四字中央鐫花篮图案。珠圈外上端环“吉林省造”四個漢字,下端鐫漢字幣值“庫平七錢二分”,干支紀年“庚子”兩個字分鐫左右兩側。银币背面中央鐫蟠龍圖,週邊上端环英文省名“吉林省”,下端鐫英文币值“库平七錢二分”,左右兩側分别滿文和一個十字花星。



钱币反面龙纹:中国龙被视为神物予以崇拜。“龙图是中国人的图腾,中国历代的君皇及皇族子孙被称为龙子,龙孙。龙的形象在皇室用品上被专有使用。据史书记载早在汉武帝时期的“白金三品",就铸有“龙〃的图形;其后的宋元明代,已有少部分流通币上铸有龙纹。特别是在历代花钱上,龙的图形则更多。清代未期光绪、宣统年间,官铸的金、银、铜元,其背面更是大多铸有龙图。
这两枚吉林银币正反面氧化一致,出现氧化绿绣包浆,开门见老,钱币正反面字迹清晰,轮廓分明表现压力十足,银光自然,是十分难得的馆藏级银币。



瓷胎画珐琅是清代皇室自用瓷器中最具特色,釉上彩瓷中最为精美的彩瓷器。从康熙的色浓庄重至雍正的清淡素雅,到乾隆时的精密繁复的雍容华贵,使珐琅,这一洋味十足的彩料在瓷器上得到淋漓尽致的发挥。集中西风韵于一身,画尽了皇家身份的高贵与荣华。乾隆珐琅彩瓷是清代康,雍,乾三代珐琅彩瓷中最为精美的巅峰之作,具有古典美的乾隆仕女游园罐是其代表。
珐琅彩绘采用的画珐的制作技法起源于15世纪中叶欧洲比利时、法国、荷兰三国交界的佛朗德斯地区。15世纪末,法国中西部的里摩居,以其制作内填珐琅工艺为基础,发展成画珐琅的重镇,初期制作以宗教为主题的器物,后来逐渐制做成装饰性的工艺品。随着东西贸易交往的频繁,尤其自清康熙二十三年(1684年)清廷平定台湾以后,禁海开放,西洋制品开始涌入,西洋珐琅便由广州等港口传入中国,并就地设厂研制,称之为洋瓷,宫中则称其为广珐琅。当时,广州的产品多保留着西方文化的韵味,由于烧造技术不高,釉料呈色不稳定。康熙五十八年(1719年),聘请法兰西画珐琅艺人陈忠信来京,在内廷珐琅处指导烧造画珐琅器。其式样、图案主要是中国风格,少有西方画珐琅的特点。
藏品介绍
中文名称:珐琅彩富贵白头抱月瓶
英文名称:Enamelled white head moon bottle
类别:珐琅彩瓷器
规格:一件
品相:美品



从底款来看正楷的青花款非常端正,六字大清雍正年制,位置居中,字形端正。圈足氧化自然,形成温润光滑的圈足,手感光滑柔和。



此画面主要表现的富贵白头,牡丹象征富贵,白头翁寓意着白头到老,树枝一上一下,各画一只白头翁,相互呼应对望,画面极其温馨唯美。

白头鹎(学名:Pycnonotus sinensis,英名:Light-vented Bulbul 或 Chinese bulbul),又名白头翁白头壳仔(台语),是雀形目鹎科小型鸟类,为鸣禽,冬季北方鸟南迁为候鸟,台湾亚种于台湾为留鸟,平均寿命约10到15年。白头翁常见于东亚,台湾宜兰平原,中国大陆则是在长江南部的大多地区,以及香港,琉球群岛(八重山群岛,冲绳等),性活泼,不甚畏人。食昆虫,种子和水果,属杂食性,雄鸟胸部灰色较深,雌鸟浅淡,雄鸟枕部(后头部)白色极为清晰醒目。

白头鹎(音:bēi)(学名:Pycnonotus sinensis)是雀形目鹎科的小型鸟类,额至头顶黑色,两眼上方至后枕白色,形成一白色枕环,腹白色具黄绿色纵纹。性活泼,结群于果树上活动。有时从栖处飞行捕食。白头鹎是长江以南广大地区中常见的一种鸟,多活动于丘陵或平原的树本灌丛中,也见于针叶林里。性活泼、不甚畏人。 杂食性,既食动物性食物,也吃植物性食物。



这一面全身羽毛以白色为主,灰色为辅,与另一面形成了极大的时间跨度,给人一种从年轻恩爱到白头只是一瞬间,感觉时间不够用,这面表现的老态白头翁,再看瓷器釉面在自然光线下出现漫反射,一看便具有年代感。



牡丹花画的极其精美,有如万千层花瓣聚集包裹,形成了这朵花王,牡丹花为我国国花,是当之无愧的花中之王。

牡丹富贵:清代赵世学在《牡丹富贵说》中提到:牡丹有王者之号,冠万花之首,驰四海之名,终且以富贵称之。夫既称呼富贵,拟以清洁之莲,而未合也;律以隐逸之菊,而未宜也。甚矣,富贵之所以独牡丹也。

珐琅彩历来为官家所用,雍正时期,雍正皇帝对珐琅彩瓷器的生产给予了更多的关心,并提出颇为严格的要求。雍正元年(1723年),随着宫廷造办处人员的扩充,以及在雍正帝最信赖的怡亲王(雍正帝的十三弟允祥)的主持下,珐琅彩瓷器的生产在造办处珐琅作积极展开。但从清代档案记载看,雍正六年以前珐琅彩瓷器的生产进展缓慢,雍正帝对此也不甚满意。究其原因,可能是因珐琅彩料需依赖西洋进口,数量有限,必须谨慎使用,不得有误损所致。如清雍正《广东通志》卷五十八记载:“西洋国……雍正四年五月复遣使进贡……各色珐琅彩料十四块。”又如《活计档·清档·雍正记事杂录》载:“雍正二年二月四日,怡亲王交填白脱胎酒杯五件,内二件有暗龙。奉旨:此杯烧珐琅。钦此。于二月二十三日烧破二件,总管太监启知怡亲王。奉王谕:其余三件尔等小心烧造。遵此。于五月十八日做得白瓷画珐琅酒杯三件,怡亲王呈进。”可见当时珐琅彩地位之高,现如今珐琅彩价格依旧坚挺,位于瓷器顶峰。
这件珐琅瓷器,无任何磕缺损毁,穿线,窑裂,棕眼等现象,品相完美,胎底雪白是罕见的糯米底,有如流出的糯米汁一般,中间落款印章款雍正年制,款型端正,是一件难得的馆藏级瓷器,具有极高的经济价值。
“哥窑”名列宋代五大名窑,在陶瓷史上有举足轻重的地位。哥窑胎多紫黑色、铁黑色、也有黄褐色。釉为失透的乳浊釉,釉面泛一层酥光,釉色以炒米黄、灰青多见,釉面大小纹片结合。
经染色后大纹片呈深褐色,小纹片为黄褐色,也称‘金丝铁线’“墨纹梅花片”“叶脉纹”‘文武片’等。这是传世哥窑的主要特征之一。器形有各式瓶、炉、尊、洗及碗、盆、碟等。多见仿古造型,底足制作不十分规整,釉面常见缩釉和棕眼。
而《中国陶瓷史》这样叙述:
造型有各式瓶、炉、洗、盘、罐等。论胎有厚薄之分,其胎质有瓷胎和砂胎两种,胎色有黑灰、深灰、浅灰、土黄多种色调,釉色也有粉青、月白、油灰、青黄各色。从时间上讲,这里应有早晚之别,从产地说也有恐非一个瓷窑的作品,情况是比较复杂的。
记载“哥窑”的古文献主要有:元代的《至正直记》,明代的《格古要论》、《遵生八笺》,清代的《博物要览》以及明代的《浙江通志》等。但究竟哥窑窑址何在?性质如何?一直是陶瓷史研究中众说纷纭、悬而未决的问题。
流传于世的“哥窑”经典器大多源自清宫旧藏,由于这批器物与古文献中的记载的“哥窑”特征不符,而且没有考古资料佐证,因而造成了中国陶瓷史上最大的悬疑。
为区别于明、清文献中所记载得哥窑(龙泉章生一窑),宫中名为“哥窑”的传世品,后世鉴赏家称其为“传世哥窑”。
藏品介绍
中文名称:双兽耳天球瓶哥窑
英文名称:Golikiln with two animal ears
类别:瓷器
规格:一件
品相:美品



这件双耳天球瓶老气十足,瓶颈有双兽口中含有圆环,与肩部浮雕相互呼应。我们仔细看瓶颈处的反光,并不在一条直线,有轻微的凹凸弯曲感,这是由于手工修胎拉胚,不可能做到百分百的圆,老瓷器都有这个特征,且在自然光线下出现漫反射,开片无任何外卷现象,综合上述现象为开门到代的真品瓷器。

天球瓶是一种瓷器造型,创烧于明代永乐、宣德年间的景德镇窑,青花天球瓶、粉彩天球瓶、紫釉天球瓶、郎窑红天球瓶、五彩天球瓶。永乐朝开始成为观赏式瓶,宣德年间较为流行。瓶形为小口、直颈、丰肩、假圈足、砂底微凹。因圆球腹硕大,像是从天降下来似的,故名。



这件哥窑表面有明显的冰裂纹,支钉痕较大,底足氧化呈现铁锈色,哥窑为我国五大名窑之一,曾在电视剧正阳门下中的‘哥窑八方杯’’体现出来哥窑的身份地位,其地位价值甚至在汝窑之上,由于哥窑存世量稀少,被各大博物馆所藏,民间极为罕见,为瓷器至宝,具有极高的收藏价值。

支钉痕:汝窑、官窑、哥窑等多用支钉支烧,其状呈山字形、上尖下圆,在圆形垫饼上有不同数量的支钉,也有只有一个支钉的。用支钉支烧的瓷器,底部都留有细小支钉烧痕。汝窑支钉痕最小,呈香灰色;官窑、哥窑支钉痕稍大,呈铁黑色。

英文翻译:Guangxu yuan Bao is a unique currency in the Guangxu Period of the Qing Dynasty. With the characteristics of the Qing dynasty currency, due to the instability of the current situation, almost every province in the country has a special currency fount. So we can see that the money of that era has distinctive inscriptions indicating the mint in which province it was struck. This kind of coin is rare in the world and has a high collectible value. We can see that this copper coin is very well preserved, with very clear characters and distinct characteristics.

Jilin province in the qing dynasty is a big province, domestic extremely important basic assumes the north-south, the southernmost basic line overlap with the province, the most northern arrived in northern sakhalin island, including the east of the province, the east of heilongjiang province and Russia today primorsky region and khabarovsk region south, as well as sakhalin all of them. Jilin province comes from the word "Jilin Wula", which in Manchu means a city along the river. And jilin province silver coin edition has the most changes, is China silver coin system most complete, the preservation inheritance most abundant kind. It is the first machine-made coin in China and has a milestone meaning in the history of Chinese coin casting.

At that time, Xiyuan, a general of Jilin province, wrote to the court to stabilize the financial market, saying that jilin province was short of money (referring to ancient money and square hole money) and the market was becoming depressed day by day. After repeated discussions, the only way to solve the shortage of cash was to cast silver after imitating the pattern of money making. After the report, in the guangxu ten years first from the military pay in the silver 5000 liang, so that the Jilin machinery official bureau (that is, the Arsenal) cast a factory flat two, seven, half two, three, one five denominations of pure color silver.

The collection is introduced

Chinese name: Jilin Gengzi Guangxu yuan Bao

English name: Gengzi Guangxu Yuan

Specification: one coin

Category: Miscellaneous

Appearance: Beautiful

Although Jilin is located in the border area, but with the continuous flow into reclamation wasteland, the shortage of money in this area is becoming more and more serious. In the year of Guangxu emperor 22 years (1896 BC), Jilin general Changshun after the written permission, at the end of the year, commissioned the Bureau of Jilin Machinery to try to make silver dollars, to the end of the next 5 kinds were successively made. There have been cast dry branch calendar and no dry branch calendar two categories, among which there are small plate. The silver round was made earlier in Jilin Province and the casting quantity was less.

This coin, is the Guangxu 26 years (1900) Jilin Province silver coin: Jilin Province to make the Gengzi guangxu yuan treasure house of seven COINS two cents, about gan Zhi Ji year gengzi, at that time mainly in the northeast three provinces in circulation, gradually throughout the country after the widespread circulation. The Chinese character "Guangxu yuan Bao" in the central bead circle on the obverse side of the coin, with the pattern of engraved flower basket in the middle of the four characters. The upper ring outside the bead ring "made in Jilin Province" four Chinese characters, the lower engraved Chinese value "Kuping seven money two", The Gan Zhi Ji year "gengzi" two words engraved on both sides. Silver coin on the back of the central Juan Panlong diagram, around the upper end of the ring English province name "Jilin", the lower end Juan English currency "Kuping seven money two", left and right sides are respectively manchu and a cross star.

Dragon pattern on coin reverse: The Chinese dragon is worshipped as a god. "The Dragon Chart is a totem of the Chinese people. The emperors and their descendants in the past dynasties were called the sons of the Dragon and the Sons of the Dragon Family. The image of the dragon was used exclusively on royal household items. According to historical records, as early as in the Period of Emperor Wudi of the Han Dynasty, "Platinum three products ", there is" dragon "cast graphics; Later in the Song, Yuan and Ming Dynasties, a small number of circulating COINS were cast with dragon patterns. Especially in the past on the money, dragon figures are more. During the reign of Emperor Guangxu and Emperor Xuantong in the qing Dynasty, most of the gold, silver and copper COINS cast by the emperor guan had dragon figures on the back.

The two jilin silver COINS are oxidized on the front and the back, with oxidized green embroidery wrap paste, open the door to see the old, clear handwriting on the front and the back of the coin, distinct expression of pressure is full, silver light is natural, it is a very rare collection-grade silver COINS.

Porcelain body painting enamel is the most characteristic of the qing dynasty royal porcelain, the most exquisite color porcelain glaze porcelain. From kangxi's solemn color to Yongzheng's delicate simple elegance, to Qianlong's delicate and complicated elegance, the enamel, full of foreign flavor color material on the porcelain to get the most incisively and vividly play. Concentrated western charm in a suit, painting the royal status of the noble and glory. The Qianlong Enamel porcelain is the most exquisite peak of the Qing Dynasty's Three generations of Kang, Yong and Dry enamel porcelain, with the classical beauty of the Qianlong ladies garden pot is its representative.

Enamel painting used in the painting of the Va production technique originated in the middle of the 15th century Europe Belgium, France, the Netherlands at the border of the Region of Flanders. At the end of the 15th century, Limoju in central and western France developed into an important town of painting enamel on the basis of its enamel filling process. At the beginning, it made religious objects as the theme, and later gradually made decorative arts and crafts. With the frequent exchanges of trade between East and West, especially after the Qing dynasty suppressed Taiwan in the twenty-third year of Kangxi's reign (1684), the sea was banned and western products began to flood into China. Western enamel was introduced to China from guangzhou and other ports, and factories were set up on the spot to develop it. It was called "foreign enamel" in the palace. At that time, the products in Guangzhou mostly retained the charm of Western culture, and the glaze was unstable due to the low firing technology. In the fifty-eighth year of The Reign of Emperor Kangxi (1719), Chen Zhongxin, a French painting enamel artist, was invited to Beijing to instruct the firing of enamel ware in the Enamel office of the Inner Court. Its pattern and pattern are mainly Chinese style, few western painting enamel characteristics.

The collection is introduced

Chinese name: enamel color white head holding moon bottle

Enamelled White Head Moon Bottle

Category: Enamelled porcelain

Specification: one piece

Appearance: Beautiful

From the bottom of the blue and white money is very regular, six words Yongzheng system qing Dynasty, the position in the middle, the right shape. The circular foot oxidizes naturally, forms the warm and smooth circular foot, feels smooth and soft.

The picture mainly shows the white head of riches and honor. Peony symbolizes wealth and honor, and the white head weng implies a long life together. The branches go up and down, each drawing a white head weng, which echoes each other, and the picture is extremely warm and beautiful.

Bald Bei (scientific name: Pycnonotus sinensis, name: Light - vented Bulbul or Chinese Bulbul), also known as Chinese Bulbul, hoary head shell seed (Taiwanese), is passeriformes pycnonotidae small birds, songbirds, northern winter birds flying south for migratory birds, subspecies in Taiwan for the resident, the average life expectancy of about 10 to 15 years. Common in East Asia, Taiwan Yilan Plain, mainland China in the southern Yangtze River in most areas, as well as Hong Kong, Ryukyu Islands (Ya-shan Islands, Okinawa, etc.), sexual and not very feared. Insects, seeds and fruits, omnivorous, male chest grey, female pale, male occipital (back head) white very clear.

Chinese bulbul (B I) (Pycnonotus sinensis) is a small bird in the passerine family Pycnonotus sinensis. It is black from the forehead to the crown of its head, white from the upper part of its eyes to the posterior pillow, forming a white occipitric ring, with a greenish yellow stripe on its abdomen. They are active and cluster in fruit trees. Sometimes they fly from their perch to catch food. Chinese bulbul is a common bird in the vast areas south of the Yangtze River. It is usually active in the thickets of hills or plains, and can also be found in coniferous forests. Lively and not afraid of people. Omnivorous, eat animal food, also eat plant food.

The whole body feathers on this side are mainly white, supplemented by gray, which forms a huge time span with the other side, giving people a feeling that the time from young love to white head is just a moment, which makes people feel that time is not enough. On this side, there is a sense of age if you look at the diffuse reflection of the porcelain glaze under natural light.

The peony flower painting is extremely exquisite, like thousands of layers of petals gathered and wrapped, forming this kao Wang. The peony flower is the national flower of China, and deserves to be the king of flowers.

Peony Riches and honour: Zhao Shixue in the Qing Dynasty mentioned in the Theory of Peony Riches and Honour that peony has the title of king, the first of all flowers, and the name of the world. Husband called riches and honour, to clean the lotus, but not closed; The law to recluse chrysanthemum, but not appropriate also. Very yi, riches and honour alone peony also.

Enamel color has always been used by officials. During the Yongzheng Period, emperor Yongzheng paid more attention to the production of enamel color porcelain and put forward quite strict requirements. In the first year of Emperor Yongzheng (1723), with the expansion of the staff of the imperial office, and under the direction of Prince Yi, emperor Yongzheng's most trusted brother, Yunxiang, the production of enamel porcelain was actively carried out in the office. However, records from the Qing Dynasty show that the production of enamel-colored porcelain six years before The Emperor Yongzheng made slow progress, which did not satisfy the emperor. The reason may be because the enamel color material needs to rely on western imports, the quantity is limited, must be used carefully, must not be wrong damage. As yongzheng of qing Dynasty recorded in volume 58, "Western states... In May of the fourth year of Emperor Yongzheng, he resumed his mission to pay tribute... Fourteen pieces of enamel of various colors." Another example is the miscellany of Work File, Clear file, Yongzheng's Chronicle: "On February 4, 2000, Emperor Yi handed over five white reincarnate wine glasses, two of which contained dark dragon. Serving: This cup is burnt enamel. Qin here. On February 23, two pieces were burned and broken, and the chief eunuch informed prince Yi. From the king, the other three must be carefully burned. According to this. Three white enamel cups made on May 18 and presented to Prince Yi." It can be seen that the high status of enamel color at that time, now enamel color price is still firm, at the peak of porcelain.

This enamel porcelain, without any damage, thread, kiln crack, brown eye and other phenomena, perfect appearance, tire white is a rare glutinous rice bottom, like the flow of glutinous rice juice general, the middle of the signature seal Yongzheng year, the right shape, is a rare collection of grade porcelain, with high economic value.

"Ge Kiln" is one of the five famous kilns in the Song Dynasty and has a pivotal position in the history of ceramics. Ge Kiln fetus more purplish black, iron black, there are also yellow-brown. Glaze is opaque glaze, glazed with a layer of crisp light, the glaze color to Fried rice yellow, gray and green, the size of the glaze grain combined.

After dyeing, the large grain is dark brown, while the small grain is yellowish brown, also known as "gold wire", "ink-grain plum", "leaf veins", "wenwu" and so on. This is one of the main features of the ancient Kiln. In the shape of various bottles, stoves, zun, washing and dishes, basins, dishes, etc. See archaize modelling more, bottom foot is made not very neat, glaze is common shrink glaze and palm eye.

The history of Chinese Ceramics is described as follows:

There are all kinds of bottle, stove, wash, dish, pot and so on. The thickness of the fetus is divided into two types: porcelain fetus and sand fetus. The color of the fetus is black gray, dark gray, light gray and yellow. The glaze color is also pink, white, putty and yellow. In terms of time, there should be a difference between the morning and the evening. From the origin, there are also some works of porcelain kiln. The situation is quite complicated.

The main ancient documents recording "Ge Yao" include zhi Zhi Ji in the Yuan Dynasty, Ge Gu Yao in the Ming Dynasty, Zunsheng Bajian, Natural History In the Qing Dynasty and Zhejiang Tongzhi in the Ming Dynasty. But where exactly is the Kiln? What is the nature? It has been a controversial and unresolved issue in the research of ceramic history.

Most of the classic ware of "Ge Yao" that circulated in the world came from the old collections of the Qing Palace. Because these objects did not conform to the characteristics of "Ge Yao" recorded in the ancient documents, and there was no archaeological data to support it, this caused the biggest mystery in the history of Chinese ceramics.

In order to be different from the Ancient Ge Kiln (Longquan Zhangshengyi Kiln) recorded in Ming and Qing literature, the ancient ware named "Ge Kiln" was handed down in the palace, and later connoisseurs called it "Handed down Ge Kiln".

The collection is introduced

Chinese name: Geyao Double beast ear ball bottle

1. Golikiln with two animal ears

Category: Porcelain

Specification: one piece

Appearance: Beautiful

This two-ear spherical bottle is very old, the neck has two animal mouth contains rings, and the shoulder relief echoes each other. We look at neck of reflective, not in a straight line, bend slightly concave and convex feeling, this is because the manual repair fetal embryos, impossible hundred circle, has the characteristics of the old porcelain and diffuse reflection appear in natural light, open without any external volume phenomenon, combined the above phenomenon to open the door to the generation of the real China.

Tianqiu vase is a kind of porcelain-like vase created in Jingdezhen kiln during the Reign of Yongle and Xuande of the Ming Dynasty. It is composed of blue-and-white tianqiu vase, powder enamel vase, purple glaze vase, red Tianqiu vase and colorful Tianqiu vase. Yongle began to become ornamental bottle, Xuande years more popular. The shape of the bottle is small mouth, straight neck, full shoulder, false ring foot, slightly concave sand bottom. Because the belly of the round ball is huge, as if from the sky down, so named.

This elder brother kiln surface has obvious ice crack, mark is larger, with the foot bottom oxidation rust color, elder brother kiln is one of China's five ancient jun, once in the TV series under the qianmen 'eight square cup "reflected elder brother elder brother kiln kiln's status, its status value on your kiln, even only a few, because the elder brother kiln was hidden by the museum, folk is rare, as the porcelain flowers, has a very high collection value.

Nail marks: Ru kilns, official kilns, Ge kilns, etc., are commonly used to burn the nails, which are shaped like a mountain, with the top tip and the bottom round. There are different Numbers of nails on the round pad cake, and some have only one. The bottom of the porcelains burned with nails are all marked with tiny nails. Ru kiln nail trace is the smallest, a fragrant gray; The nail marks of the official kilns and ge Kilns were slightly larger and were black with iron.

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